See the modern day tour of
the area around the Mayflower Steps. It starts at North Quay, takes in
Sutton Harbour, the Barbican and the Hoe.
A. The Round House is the
Mate's cabin, the chartroom where the ship's progress is planned and
plotted. The Mate is second in command only to the Captain
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Maybe you've heard the nautical term "eight bells"? The Ship's Bell is
rung to mark the time of the watch, with one to eight strokes at each
half-hour of the four hours. It is also used to raise the "alarum" in
C. The Great Cabin houses the
Master or commander of the ship. A second bunk provides accommodation
for an additional officer or, should one be on board, a distinguished
D. The Whipstaff, the ship's helm,
located on the main deck, is a long lever used to move the tiller
below, which moves the rudder to steer the ship. The helmsman steers by
the compass in the binnacle set in front of him, according to the
orders from the conning officer on the Half Deck above.
E. Steerage is the cabin of the
ship's officers. The hatch and ladder forward of the binnacle provide
access to the 'tween decks.
F. The Capstan is a kind of
pulley, or winch, used to hoist cargo and other heavy loads. it is
fitted with holes into which long bars are inserted. By pushing the
bars around, sailors haul in a rope wound around the capstan, moving
the load up or down accordingly.
G. The Forecastle, or "Fo'c's'le",
houses the common seamen (about 18, half of whom would be on watch
while at sea), the Boatswain (master of discipline) and the cook, who
prepared meals here for the crew only. A hatch gives access to 'tween
decks, and doors lead forward to the Beakhead.
H.'Tween decks is where the
passengers made their cabins. (The Mayflower was not built to carry
passengers.) Here, also, were kept their livestock, the parts of the
shallop (a work boat) and several more of the ship's guns.
I. The Gun Room held the "stern
chasers," the two guns a merchant ship kept ready against possible
attack. These guns fire a three-pound solid shot a distance of 2500
J. The Hold is the main cargo
space. It holds most of the household goods, tools and supplies as well
as the ship's stores of food, cordage, canvas, cannot shot, powder, etc.
K. The Windlass is used for
raising anchors and works like but is safer to use than the capstan.